Isaiah 9: 6,7

Dr Grant C Richison
 
 
Isaiah 9: 6,7
For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace
There will be no end,
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
 
This is a prophecy of the coming rule of Jesus on earth. These verses gather into one announcement the predictions of the birth, the deity, his earthly government, his just kingdom, and eternity of Christ.
For unto us a Child is born
The purpose of Christ’s coming was for “us.”
Unto us a Son is given
Jesus did not happen upon earth. From eternity God planned to “give” him. Jesus is the Son of God. Jesus existed eternally as the Son. The word “Son” is used to show the relationship between the Father and Son.
And the government will be upon His shoulder
Jesus will reign as King Jesus King of the world. The government of the entire world is on his shoulders.
And His name will be called Wonderful
When he came he was a wonder. He transcends human understanding. He is unique among human beings. He stands supreme above everyone else. His name is wonderful because he is wonderful.
And His name will be called… Counselor
Jesus reveals the mind of God. He counsels us from God’s perspective. He gives God’s council.
And His name will be called… Mighty God
He is God almighty. In Him dwells all the fullness of the Deity in bodily form (Colossians 2:9).
And His name will be called… Everlasting Father
This is better translated “The Father of eternity.” All the ages meet in him (Hebrews 1:2). The Son is not to be confused with the Father, although the Father and He are one (John 10:30).
And His name will be called… Prince of Peace.
Peace will characterize his reign upon earth.
Of the increase of His government and peace
There will be no end
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
God made a covenant with David many years before the writing of Isaiah that His Son would reign forever. This has not yet been fulfilled. Jesus has not yet been seated upon that throne. There is a day coming when He will reign (Revelation 3:21).
PRINCIPLE: God predicted the coming of Christ. He is sovereign over the affairs of man.
APPLICATION: We can rest confident that God manages the world well.
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42 Responses to “Isaiah 9: 6,7”


  • Grant, you should let your readers know that you are rather dishonest in saying "El is always used of God, never of men". We do find El being used NOT of God (Deut 3:24, 32:12..etc.). We also find El being used of men in verses such as (Gen 31:29 with a Lamed prefix, it doesn't change the definition, the Lamed is used in the sense of "IN" power or "TO" power.  Also we find El in this form in Dan 11:36 not used of God and its plural Elim "of gods". Gesenius' Lexicon discredits your claim and mine affirmed. With the term "El-gibhor", we have an opportunity to take the LXX's take on it "the angel/messenger". We need to note that the Septuagint in its day was authoritative and we find quotes from it all over the NT. We also have the opportunity to look at the Great Isaiah scroll from the Qumran caves where we find that the text has Elgibhor (one word) and the Masoretic text (two words). Both in the Masoretic text and the Isaiah scroll we are seeing this in the construct state, meaning that Gibhor carries the definition of warrior and El must carry its alternate definition of mighty. The reason why, is that adjectives do not come before nouns in Hebrew. The translations could be worded several ways, like that of the reformer and orthodox trinitarian, Luther "Kraft-held" = "Strength-Hero" (If you know a bit of German). Luther did not tell his audience that Christ was God in this verse, but rather as he explains "it is NOT of the person of Christ, but to his work" (or something like that if my quote is off….memory).

    After reading several of your rebuttals, am I to take that you believe Jesus is the person of Yahweh on the flesh literally?

  • John, thanks for the correction. I should have said that el is only used of God in Isaiah. For example, “the mighty God” is used of God Himself in Isaiah 10:21. A principle of hermeneutics is the use of a term is most important by a given author, Isaiah uses the term “mighty God” of God Himself. The Son is therefore identified with God who is “the LORD,” “the Holy One of Israel” (10:20). In Isaiah el gibbor is the strongest of the titles with reference to deity. Again, in Isaiah, el is always used of God and never refers to man.

    “No other person ever has God’s name and God is never called Moses, Abram, David, or Jeremiah, so there must be something very special about this son that causes him to have God’s name.”[1]

    The syntactical parallelism of this verse also shows that “mighty God” is part of other parallel names for God in this verse putting the Messiah categorically the same as God. 

     


    [1] Smith, G. V. (2007). Isaiah 1–39. (E. R. Clendenen, Ed.) (p. 241). Nashville: B & H Publishing Group.

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