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Read Introduction to Daniel

 

27 “Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week;

But in the middle of the week
He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.
And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate,
Even until the consummation, which is determined,
Is poured out on the desolate.”
 
 
27 Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week;
But in the middle of the week
He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.
And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate,
Even until the consummation, which is determined,
Is poured out on the desolate.
 
This verse describes what will happen in the 70th seven, the Tribulation period of 7 years. God sets this 70th seven off by itself because there is a gap or parenthesis between the 69th seven and the 70th. That time is the period of the church, the time between the first coming of Christ and the Rapture (Ep 3:1-6). 
 
When God finishes His dealings with the church, He brings the church to Himself in the first phase of Christ’s coming, the Rapture. Then He returns to dealing with Israel as a nation. The purpose of the Tribulation is to get the attention of Israel to accept Jesus in His Second Coming. At the end of the 70th seven God will establish Israel again as God’s chosen people on earth. 
 
The antecedent of “he” is the “prince who is to come” in verse 26. It is not Titus because he did not make a contract with Israel. The Antichrist of the Revived Roman Empire will make that covenant with Israel. Therefore, the seventieth week (seven sevens) does not follow upon the 69th week immediately. We see this kind of break in time between the Messiah’s first and Second Coming (Is 61:1-2). 
 
The Antichrist will make a peace covenant with Israel for one week (seven years) guaranteeing Israel’s safety in the land. Israel will sign this contract with the head of the Revived Roman Empire, the Antichrist. These seven years will begin immediately after the Rapture. The “many” refers to Israel (v.24). He breaks this covenant “in the middle of the week” (3 ½ years). Daniel calls this “a time, times and half a time” (7:25; 12:7; cf. Re 12:14). John calls this “1,260 days” and “42 months” in Revelation (11:3; 12:6 and 11:2; 13:5). 
 
The words “sacrifice and offerings” refer to the Levitical system of worship. The “wing of abominations” refers to a wing of the temple particularly corrupted because of idolatry. Jewish sacrifices stop forty-two months before Messiah returns (12:11). 
 
Summary of the vision of the seventy sevens: The city and the streets are rebuilt in the first seven sevens. The Messiah comes and is cut off in the second period of sixty-two sevens. An intercalation (parenthesis) occurs between the sixty-ninth and seventh seven to allow for the church age. The seventh seven is the Tribulation period. The world ruler makes a covenant with Israel at the beginning of the Tribulation but then breaks that covenant in the middle of the Tribulation (42 months) taking away Israel’s sacrificial system thus desecrating the temple.
 
The seventieth seven is a period of seven years (the Tribulation of seven years after the Rapture of the church). Unbelieving Jews will enter into alliance with “the prince that shall come” (v.26, a political ruler who makes a covenant with Israel in the middle of the Tribulation of seven years).  This will be an unholy alliance to the damage of Israel as a nation. The person who confirms the covenant will “bring an end to sacrifice and offering.”  All bloody and non-bloody sacrifices will cease. 
 
This end of sacrifices during the Tribulation is the abomination of desolation of which Jesus spoke (11:31; 12:11; Mt. 24:15-16,21; Mark 13:14; 1 Macc 1:54). Daniel 12:11 makes this a clear reference to future cessation of daily sacrifices, forty-two months before the Second Coming of Christ. What Antiochus Epiphanies did in a small way will become world-wide in the Tribulation under the world ruler (Re 13:4-7). He will be defeated at the Second Coming (Re 19 – cast into the Lake of Fire). This will be the terminus ad quem of the seventy sevens of Daniel. Daniel’s prophecy of the seventy sevens extends from Nehemiah (445 B.C.) until the Second Coming. 
 
Mt 24: 15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place(whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 “Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. 18 “And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 19 “But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 “And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 21 “For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 “And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened. 23 ‘Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 “For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 “See, I have told you beforehand. 26 “Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. 27 “For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 “For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together.”
 
PRINCIPLE: There is a major difference between Israel and the church in God’s economy. 
 
APPLICATION: No prophet in the Old Testament knew anything of the church. The Old Testament did not foretell the church. The promises to Israel do not apply to the church. The church is a new entity in the New Testament. God revealed the doctrine of the church to the apostle Paul.
 
Ep 3:1 “For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for you Gentiles— 2 if indeed you have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which was given to me for you, 3 how that by revelation He made known to me the mystery (as I have briefly written already, 4 by which, when you read, you may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ), 5 which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets: 6 that the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, of the same body, and partakers of His promise in Christ through the gospel, 7 of which I became a minister according to the gift of the grace of God given to me by the effective working of His power.”
 
The Bible divides people into three kinds:
 
1.    The Jew
2.    The Gentile
3.    The church
 
1 Co 10:32 “Give no offense, either to the Jews or to the Greeks (Gentile) or to the church of God, 33 just as I also please all men in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.”
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