“And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses”
The sixth result of the work of Christ on the cross is that God forgives us by grace. That is a great blessed benefit of being born again.
“having forgiven you all trespasses”
The verb “having forgiven” connotes forgiveness as the result of grace or an act of love. It means to bestow a favor unconditionally. The favor bestowed unconditionally here is the remission of debt against God. That is the act of forgiveness (Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13). This is God’s merciful act of sovereignty.
The Greek indicates that forgiveness precedes “made alive.” Before we can come alive to God, God must forgive us first (1 John 2:12; Ephesians 1:7; Acts 10:43;13:38,29). The principle is that God cannot exercise grace until he satisfies his righteousness. God cannot act inconsistently with his own character. God cannot under maudlin sentiment pour out his love.
God forgives our sins at the cross. Because of the cross, God is free to give us eternal life and exercise his grace in time. He is free to do this because his righteousness is satisfied by the suffering of Christ. Jesus took the judgment for our sins.
Note that God forgives “all” trespasses, not some. That will enable us to sleep at night. We do not truly rest until we rest in the work of Christ.
God cannot exercise his grace until he satisfies his righteousness by the death of Christ.
We are natural-born sinners. We are sinners by nature, choice, and practice. It is easier to do wrong than right; it is easier to tell a lie than tell the truth. Unless and until God forgives, sin stays on us. Our sin separates us from God. The cross of Christ purifies us from sin. The religions of the earth invent substitutes. Not one of them can take us to heaven.
The cross of Christ satisfies God’s perfect righteousness. God can, therefore, exercise his grace and mercy toward us. The crucial consideration for eternal life is to accept God’s way of dealing with our sin–the cross of Christ. Do you trust the cross for eternal life? Do you depend on that as God’s exclusive way to possess the life of God?