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Read Introduction to 1 Peter

“Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin.”


Therefore, since Christ suffered for us

The “therefore” resumes the idea of 1 Peter 3:18 that Jesus suffered unjustly (1 Pe 1:11; 2:24; 4:13; 5:1). Jesus suffered undeservedly. He did not earn or deserve suffering. In 3:18, Jesus took up the cross and died for our sins. He was made sin and judged for us. He became our substitute, and he is, therefore, the only way of salvation.

Peter now draws a new inference for Christians to deal decisively with sin. The phrase “arm yourselves with the same mind” indicates the impact that Jesus’ suffering should have on us. Since he dealt decisively with sin on the cross, we should do the same.  Since we are dead to sin positionally, we are free from the controlling power of sin.

in the flesh

Christ suffered in the “flesh” or body. As God, Christ did not die. Eternal life cannot cease to exist. Jesus, therefore, did not die in his deity. That is why he became true humanity. As true humanity, he died with a human body. With that body, he lived a life free from personal sin and died with that body. It was as a man that he suffered undeservedly.  However, it was the second person of the trinity who went to the cross.


If we are dead to sin, we are free from sin.


Christ suffered for us in his physical body. The child of God should hate sin because it took Jesus to the cross. Sin causes decay, degeneration, violence, corruption, disease, and death. These things are the by-products of sin.

There are two reasons Christians suffer:

1.     For sin

2.     Undeserved suffering

God designs blessing for us for both reasons. If we sin, God brings discipline into our lives. His discipline design is for restoration, not punishment.  Jesus has already taken the penalty for our sin, so God does not punish us for our sin. If we confess our sin, God converts discipline into a blessing. Any suffering that comes our way under confession of sin is undeserved. 

God designs discipline for our blessing. Whether we enjoy God’s blessing for our lives depends on our acceptance of God’s correction by faith. By faith, we confess our sins and enter God’s blessing. This means we believe that Jesus took the punishment for the sin we commit as Christians.

God blesses us in undeserved suffering as well. This is a major argument of 1 Peter.