“But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law…”
But when the fullness of the time had come,
The word “fullness” means something that fills up anything. God allotted a certain amount of time for sending His Son. The phrase “the fullness of time” marks God’s intrusion into time with His answer for people. God gave the Son at the momentous time, the propitious time. God timed the redemption of people precisely.
The word “time” indicates the duration or length of time. After the elapse of a certain succession of time, God sent His Son. God had a precise time for Christ to be born (Daniel 9:24-27). Christ came at a climactic moment in prophecy, when the period of the Mosaic law would elapse.
The Roman Empire brought the pax Romana [the peace of Rome] throughout the world. There was great political stability throughout the Roman world. Freedom to trade and travel throughout the world was at the greatest level in history. The Greek language was the language of the empire making it an opportune time for spreading the gospel. Jesus did not come at some random time; He came precisely at the moment God designed from eternity. This is when God put to an end the dispensation of the law by sending His Son to fulfill all the demands of the law.
A human father in the Roman Empire marked a specific time when his child became an adult son. God, the Father, also marked a time when He sent His Son into the world. This was a momentous moment for all people.
God sent forth
The Father dispatched the Son for a purpose. Literally, “sent forth” means to send out or away from for some purpose with authority. Jesus proceeded out from God Himself. God sent Jesus with full authority on the mission of redemption. God intervened in time by sending His Son so that we might become joint-heirs with Him.
Jesus existed eternally with the Father, and then the Father sent him to earth. “Son” indicates the deity of Christ. God sent forth a “Son,” not a child. Jesus was already a Son when He came into the world.
“For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6 ).
born of a woman,
The phrase “born of a woman” is an implied reference to the Virgin Birth. Having eternally existed as God, Jesus took on human flesh by being born to a woman. This refers to the true humanity of Christ. The Greek term for “born” means “became.” Jesus came into a new state of being. He lived in the state of being as God, but now He takes on the state of being as a man. The birth of Christ is not a beginning but a becoming.
born under the law
Jesus came to keep the law perfectly. It was God’s timetable that He was born under the law to fulfill the law. Jesus took His place as a Jew born under the law. He perfectly obeyed the law in God’s perfect timing.
“For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ, Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit” (Romans 8:2-4).
“For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
“And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin” (1 John 3:5).
The most auspicious time of history was when the eternally pre-existent Son of God stepped foot into a human body.
The virgin birth of Christ is vital teaching of the Bible. Jesus was born of a Jewish mother without a human father. He was born in an Israeli town. His parents circumcised Him just like any other Jewish boy when He was 8 days old. He grew up in the Jewish town of Nazareth, attending a local synagogue. Jesus’ birth was under the law to fulfill the law since He fulfilled the law that qualified Him to die for those under the law.
“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill” (Matthew 5: 17).
Jesus came at zero hour, the climactic moment God wanted the eternally pre-existent Son of God to step foot on earth. He fulfilled God’s set time. That was the critical point of history. God does nothing prematurely. The first coming of Christ was not by chance. The full allotment of time designed for the law elapsed to prepare the world for His coming, a momentous event of pivotal importance in the salvation of man. The most critical point of history was the moment when the eternal Son of God stepped foot on earth. Previously Jesus was God; now He is the God-man.
The birth of Christ was God incognito; God disguised Himself as the Lord Jesus. Jesus proceeded from the very presence of the Trinity. Jesus Christ is God made man.
“This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief” (1 Timothy 1:15 ).
“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness:
God was manifested in the flesh,
Justified in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles,
Believed on in the world,
Received up in glory” (1 Timothy 3:16 ).
“In this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through Him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:9-10).
First visitor excellent site
Simple and straightforward, easy to understand. Thank you.
Along with Colossians 2:9 For in Him dwelleth the fullness of the Godhead bodily, this totally puts to rest the Trinity doctrine as Biblical! JESUS is The Father, JESUS is The Son, and JESUS is The Holy Spirit. I want to share the truth about the name of Jesus. The claim that the Savior’s name can not be Jesus because there was no letter “J” until the Greek 500 years ago is a lie. There are 10+ ancient alphabets that have and use the letter”J” before the Greek. You just have to choose not to believe that lie and Jesus will lead you to it just like He did me, if you are seeking the truth. If you seek it, He will freely give it!
John, thanks for your blog but you express an old heresy. Note this study from Norman Geisler in his Systematic Theology:
“Many times in Scripture one member of the Trinity is speaking to another. This indicates that they are not one and the same person.
The Father Speaking to the Son
Psalm 2:7 (cited in Heb. 1:5) declares, “I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’ ” Also, “The LORD [Father] says to my Lord [Son]: ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet’ ” (Ps. 110:1). Jesus used this very passage to show His deity (Matt. 22:41–46). Again, the Father says, “Your throne, O God [Son], will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God [the Father], your God, has set you above your companions” (Ps. 45:6–7). Likewise, the book of Hebrews applies this passage to Christ (Heb. 1:8–9). Indeed, three times in the New Testament the Father spoke from heaven approving of Christ, His Son (Matt. 3:17; 17:5; John 12:28).
The Son Speaking to the Father
“Then the angel of the LORD [the Son] said, ‘LORD Almighty [Father], how long will you withhold mercy from Jerusalem and from the towns of Judah?’ ” (Zech. 1:12). That the angel (messenger) of the LORD is God is clear from the fact that it is He who is called the LORD (Yahweh), a term reserved for God alone. He is also called the “I AM” in Exodus 3:14 (cf. vv. 13, 15), which clearly refers only to Deity (cf. John 8:58–59). There is also a reference in Proverbs 30:4 to both the Father and the Son: “Who has gone up to heaven and come down? Who has gathered up the wind in the hollow of his hands? Who has wrapped up the waters in his cloak? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and the name of his son? Tell me if you know!”
“After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: ‘Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you’ ” (John 17:1). Again, Jesus [the Son] called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit” (Luke 23:46).
All Three Persons Together at Once
Several times all three persons are present and operating at the same time. Once in Isaiah it says, “I will tell of the kindnesses of the LORD, the deeds for which he is to be praised, according to all the LORD [Father] has done for us … and so he became their Savior. In all their distress he too was distressed, and the angel of his presence [Son] saved them. In his love and mercy he redeemed them.… Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit” (Isa. 63:7–10).
At the baptism of Jesus (Matt. 3:16–17), all three members of the Trinity were present together: “As soon as Jesus [Son] was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God [Spirit] descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven [Father] said, ‘This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.’ ”
In the baptismal formula (Matt. 28:19) it places all three under one “name” (singular), saying: “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
Likewise, in an apostolic benediction (e.g., 2 Cor. 13:14), all three names are present together. Paul prayed, “May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ [Son], and the love of God [Father], and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit [Spirit] be with you all.”
All of these passages and many more indicate that there are three different and distinct persons who exist simultaneously and eternally and who share one and the same essence or nature. This is in stark contrast to modalism (sabellianism), which claims there is only one person in God who appears at different times in the form of different persons.”
Geisler, N. L. (2003). Systematic theology, volume two: God, creation (pp. 288–289). Minneapolis, MN: Bethany House Publishers.