2 “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? 3Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life?”
Paul introduces doctrinal questions to argue why litigation should stay within the local church.
Do you not know
This is the first of six times Paul asks “Do you not know” in chapter six. Appeal to doctrine is an argument to not go to court with a fellow believer.
that the saints will judge the world?
The idea of saints judging the world refers to a future judgment which will occur in the Millennium. This is an argument from a major premise to the minor premise. If Christians will one day judge the world, cannot Christians judge a small issue between two Christians on earth?
And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
If Christians will judge the world, cannot Christians judge between the smallest tribunals? The word “if” means “if, and it is true,” so it is a fact that Christians will one day judge the world.
Do you not know that we shall judge angels?
Paul continues to enhance the contrast of going before a public non-Christian court and going before the local church by indicating that Christians will judge angels.
How much more, things that pertain to this life?
Paul continues the argument from the greater to the lesser by arguing that if Christians will judge the higher being of an angel, he most certainly can judge a lesser being of a human.
The church has competency to decipher legal matters among Christians.
Believers will judge the world one day in the future (Daniel 7:22; Matthew 19:28; Revelation 20:4). If they have this massive responsibility in the future, it is only logical that they can judge on a much smaller scale an issue between two believers. Christians have the capacity to move beyond “my friend, right or wrong.” Objectivity goes beyond subjective friendship or politics in the local church.