“Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”
Jude now turns to a pre-Flood historical situation about Enoch.
Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam,
We find Enoch in Genesis 5:4-20 and Hebrews 11:5. He walked with God in a declining culture. Enoch made it patently obvious that God would judge the world. God translated Enoch from the earth without dying. He may be typical of the future church that will be translated to heaven without dying. The Rapture of the church is not mentioned anywhere in the Old Testament.
And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him. Ge 5:24
By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, “and was not found, because God had taken him”; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. Heb 11:5
Although Jude attributes a prophecy to Enoch (Jude 14-15), nowhere does the Old Testament indicate that Enoch said these things. The quotation may have been taken by Jude from the apocryphal Book of Enoch—a book not accepted as inspired by God. However, God assigns inspiration to this prophecy, as quoted in the book of Jude.
prophesied about these men also, saying,
Enoch prophesied of the events previous to verse 14. He prophesied of coming apostates.
The word “behold” is dramatic, a word that calls for a parting of the curtain to see the statue. The “behold” here calls attention to the coming of the Lord.
the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints,
This prophecy will have preliminary fulfillment when the Lord returns after the Tribulation at the Second Coming.
to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds
The word “ungodly” occurs four times in this one verse. The word “all” indicates the universality of judgment on all ungodly. “Ungodly” refers to doctrinal fallacy. The Lord will execute judgment on false teachers.
which they have committed in an ungodly way,
The word “ungodly” is not a synonym for immoral. Religionists might be moral but not godly. Many nice, religious people are without God—at least, without the true God.
and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”
God will convict the ungodly for their false teachings—”spoken against Him.” It is the tendency of false teachers to speak against Christ and His finished work on the cross.
Prophecy is clear about the future.
The Lord Jesus will come in two stages: (1) the Rapture and (2) the Second Coming. At the Rapture, He will come for the saints; at the Second Coming, He will come with the saints. At the Rapture, He will come in clouds. At the Second Coming, He will come to the earth itself. The first coming is to receive the Church unto Himself. The Second Coming is to establish His kingdom on earth. In the Second Coming, He will fulfill the unconditional promises of the Old Testament, such as the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants. These covenants (contracts) were given to Israel so that He will establish Israel’s kingdom for her. The purpose of the Tribulation is to bring Israel back to God to receive her kingdom.