5Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are blameless? 6Yet I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the temple.
Now we come to the second argument of Jesus about the Sabbath.
Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are blameless?
Priests worked harder on the Sabbath through their prerogative of sacrificing animals and doing other duties on that day. God did not blame them because they did His service on the Sabbath (Nu 28:9-10).
Yet I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the temple.
Jesus was the antitype and the temple was the type (Co 2:16, 17). The type (temple) depicted the antitype to come (Jesus). Jesus was the reality and the temple was a figure. Jesus transcended the temple for this reason.
Note Scriptures that state Jesus is “greater than”:
Here Jesus = “greater than the temple”
“Greater than Jonah” (Mt 12:41)
“Greater than Solomon” (Mt 12:42)
The argument of Hebrews is that Jesus is “greater than” a number of things
We should translate the word “One” as something (neuter). Jesus stressed His ministry is greater than the temple.
Jesus takes precedence over types.
God met His people in the temple and today He meets people in Christ’s person and ministry. Jesus is Immanuel—God with us. Jesus’ ministry was greater than the temple and the temple was greater than the Sabbath; therefore, Jesus’ ministry takes precedence over the Sabbath.