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Read Introduction to Romans

4 and endurance produces character, and character produces hope,

The fourth blessing of justification is that endurance results in “character.”

4 and endurance produces character [proven character, approvedness, tried virtue],

The word translated “character” comes from a word meaning proof or approved (dokime). The Greek word means to test for approval. The idea is the quality of proven or recognized character. God is the Approver in this case. This is tested character, character that deepens through trial. Testing is for the purpose of approval to enter God’s blessings.


Steadfastness deepens character.


Tested character is the quality of being approved by God. Testing by divine design produces maturity in the Christian life. Tribulation also causes the mature Christian to rely on God to a greater degree.

2 Co 9:13 while, through the proof of this ministry, they glorify God for the obedience of your confession to the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal sharing with them and all men,

Php 2:22 But you know his proven character, that as a son with his father he served with me in the gospel.

Jas 1:3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience.

Assayers test gold by fire. Fire purifies gold by separating dross from the gold itself. Strength in our character by the fiery trials in turn generates hope/confidence.

1 Pe 1:7 that the genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though it is tested by fire, may be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ,

No matter how much God hammers the believer on the anvil of tribulation, he does not fall apart or crumble under the duress. He undergoes troubles without complaint.