35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into His hand.
Verse 35 develops the idea that God gave the Spirit without measure to the Son (v. 34).
35 The Father loves the Son,
There is eternal love behind the Father’s love for the Son. The Father loved the Son because He was willing to die for the sins of the world (Jn 10:17). This is one of the seven times that this gospel says that the Father loves the Son.
and has given all things
The Father granted Jesus sovereign control of “all things.” He did this out of love for the Son. The tense for “has given” indicates that the Father gave all things to Jesus in a timeless sense (perfect tense). The conferred authority of Jesus is for time and eternity. He had implied authority in everything He did and said. We can take what He said with eternal authority.
into His hand.
The Father’s love for the Son expressed itself in endowing Him with all authority to fulfill His purpose on earth. Salvation is in the “hand” of the Son. This does not imply that the Father abdicates His role in salvation but that the Son has the primary role.
Jesus has supreme authority over all things, whether in heaven or on earth.
Men can come to Christ as they come to God because He has the full authority of the Father. The human Jesus interfaced with His deity. Therefore, men can come to Jesus as they would come to God.
In chapter 1 we saw unity of the Father and Son, who as the “Logos” or Word was revealed to men (Jn 1:1, 14). Here in our passage we see this unity between the deity and the humanity of Christ again. Jews constantly rejected this unity throughout this gospel as blasphemy. They understood the implication that the Son was God Himself. They could not accept that.
Salvation is born out of the loving relationship of the Father and Son. The Son is the perfect revealer and executor of the plan of salvation.