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16 And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever—

that He may abide with you forever—

The Holy Spirit would indwell the believer “forever” (Ro 8:9). He would not interact temporarily with us like He did with the prophets of the Old Testament. The Spirit came upon prophets and kings on special occasions to enable them for a task and then left them again. However, He began to indwell every believer permanently after the church began on the day of Pentecost (Ac 2). As each person becomes a Christian, He indwells them at the moment of their salvation.

The Bible attributes deity to the Holy Spirit. He has divine names (Ac 5:4; 28:25; He 10:15, 16) and attributes such as omnipresence, omnipotence, omniscience, and eternality (1 Co 2:10; 12:4-6; He 9:14). He performs works of deity (Mt 12:18; Lu 4:18; Jn 14:16; 1 Co 12:2-11; 2 Th 2:13; 1 Pe 1:12). He is an equal member of the Trinity (Mt 28:19; 2 Co 13:14).

Pentecost will never be repeated. Once the Holy Spirit comes, Jesus said, He would remain with the church “forever.”


The new dynamic that occurred with the launching of the church was the coming of the Holy Spirit to permanently indwell each believer.


The Holy Spirit will help the believer in several ways. He will glorify Jesus, illumine truth, convict non-Christians of their need for Christ, encourage believers, bring to remembrance what Jesus taught, guide believers in the truth, and enable them for ministry.

The role of the Spirit is to comfort (Jn 14:16-17), teach (Jn 14:26), guide into all truth, and tell of things to come (Jn 16:13). He is the Advocate for believers. His specific purpose is to glorify the Son.

Three fundamental facts about the Spirit are: (1) He is God, (2) He is a person, and (3) His role in the Trinity is to personally deal concursively with each member of the human race, representing the Father and Son.