10 “Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion! For behold, I am coming and I will dwell in your midst,” says the Lord. 11 “Many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and they shall become My people. And I will dwell in your midst. Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you. 12 And the Lord will take possession of Judah as His inheritance in the Holy Land, and will again choose Jerusalem. 13 Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord, for He is aroused from His holy habitation!”
The exiles from Babylon in Zechariah’s day were discouraged at the enormous task of rebuilding the Temple. This section encourages those disheartened at the task before them.
“Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion!
Beginning with verse 10, we return to the Messianic kingdom, where the Messiah will permanently dwell on the throne of David in Jerusalem. “Daughter of Zion” refers to the inhabitants of Jerusalem (Isa 1:8). This is a call for Jews to worship because the Messiah will come to set up His kingdom as the King of the World.
For behold, I am coming and I will dwell [tabernacle] in your midst,” says the Lord.
The Messiah will dwell amid the Jews in the Millennium to rule on the throne of David. He will “dwell” like the glory of the Lord in the Temple (Ezek 43:2, 4). This is the personal, visible presence of the Messiah in the Millennium.
“Many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day,
“In that day” references the day that Jehovah returns to Jerusalem. “That day” refers to the Day of the Lord when the Messiah will judge the nations of the world. The Abrahamic covenant gave assurance that “all the families of the earth” will be blessed by the covenant (Ge 12:3). Gentiles will come to know the LORD through salvation on that day. They will unite with Him in faith and experience.
and they shall become My people.
Gentiles will have the opportunity to become God’s people (Isa 56:6-8; 60:3, 21).
And I will dwell in your midst.
This phrase is repeated from verse 11 to emphasize God’s presence among them.
Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent Me to you.
Everyone will know that the LORD of armies sent the Messiah to Israel.
And the Lord will take possession of Judah as His inheritance in the Holy Land,
This verse is the only place in the Old Testament where the Promise Land is called “the Holy Land.” The Messiah will claim His inheritance of the Holy Land in the Millennium (Zech 8:3). The land will be holy because of the Messiah’s personal presence there.
and will again choose Jerusalem.
Jerusalem will be the capital of the world in the Millennium.
Be silent, all flesh, before the Lord,
The entire human race will bow before the Messiah in the future kingdom.
for He is aroused from His holy habitation!”
Jehovah will come to the heavenly Temple to dwell in Jerusalem with all His glory and power (Zech 1:16; 2:5). Jerusalem will be the center of the earth with King Jesus as its sovereign Ruler.
Everyone will ultimately acknowledge Jesus as King of the world.
One day in the future, the world will acknowledge the glory and power of the Messiah. That day will be in the millennial reign of Christ. Everyone will accept His lordship and covenant to establish righteousness in the world.