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Read Introduction to 1 Timothy


6 who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time,


6 who gave Himself

The idea of “gave Himself” indicates the voluntary willingness of Christ to go to the cross to save people eternally (Ga 1:4; 2:20; Tit 2:14). A ransom is a payment made instead of a slave. His life was not extracted from Him. He gave His life voluntarily (Jn 10:11, 17, 18; Eph 5:1, 2, 25; Ga 2:20.

a ransom

Jesus’s offering Himself as a “ransom” refers to His death on the cross to pay for humanity’s sins (Mt 20:28; Mk 10:25). All men were born and live in sins, but Jesus gave Himself a ransom to free those slaves from their nature, which is vicarious substitution.

The term “ransom” was a commercial word. The primary usage occurred in the slave market, where slaves were set free from their slavery by their masters. The money paid for the freedom was called a “ransom.” Here, it is Jesus’ death that paid the ransom for salvation from the penalty of sin.

for [instead of, for the sake of] all,

The word “for” means on behalf of, another term for substitution.

“All” indicates everyone, not just a few elect. Christ’s death for “all” indicates that His work on the cross paid for the sins of everyone. However, its saving effect only applies to those who accept His death as a payment for their sin. Christ died for all men as God is willing for all men to be saved.

Biblical Christianity rests on an exchange of Christ’s human death for our penalty for sinning. Jesus’ ransom was in place of all, on behalf of all. He took the place of taking the hell of everyone.

to be testified in due time,

The testimony of Christ giving Himself a ransom for all will come in “due time.” It is the duty of every Christian to proclaim that salvation is universally offered to all. Although the death of Christ was for all, it does take effect until it is declared to men. The work of Christ on the cross inaugurated a new era.


Salvation is universally available, but not all take God’s offer.


Although Christ’s death on the cross paid for the sins of everyone, it only affected those who trust in what the cross accomplished for them.