5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
5 And now,
“Now” indicates that Jesus finished His work on earth. Since He finished God’s plan for Him on earth, He is ready for the next phase—His crucifixion and return to glory.
Jesus now asks the Father to begin the events that will take Him to the final phase of salvation—the cross, resurrection and ascension.
glorify Me together with Yourself,
Jesus again requests the Father to restore Him to His pre-existent, pristine glory in eternity with the Father. However, here He asks that the glory will be for both Himself and the Father.
with the glory which I had with You before the world was.
The Son lived eternally in heaven with the Father before He took on human flesh (Jn 1:1, 2, 18). His glory of deity was veiled in His humanity while on earth. This glory is God’s glory. It was His pre-incarnate glory in eternity past. Jesus asks for what was already His in eternity past. He did not ask for a new glory but for His previous glory as God to be restored.
Jesus returned to His glory as God after His ascension.
Jesus did not possess the same kind of glory during His time on earth that He had in the eternal state before the incarnation.
When the Word became flesh, that is, when the Son of God took upon Himself a human being, He set aside the voluntary use of His attributes as God (Php 2:5-8). He did not use His prerogatives of deity as a man but functioned truly as a man. Now that He is about to return to His eternal state He will re-assume the full use of those attributes as God. He never stopped functioning as God during His incarnation. When He operated as a human being, He did not use His eternal attribute but was truly man. He was truly tested as a human being. Now that He finished His work as a man on earth, He is ready to return to His pristine glory that He had in eternity past.